MGM Resorts International and PVH, owner of the Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger brands, were among the biggest decliners. Each was down more than 12 percent.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average was down 1,259 points, or 4.7 percent, to 25,730. The Nasdaq composite, which was coming off an all-time high, slid 3 percent. Small company stocks continued to bear the brunt of the selling. The Russell 2000 index was down 5.6 percent.
European and Asian markets also fell. The global markets sell-off came a day after the Federal Reserve warned that the road to recovery from the worst downturn in decades would be long.
The sell-off this week marks a reversal for the market, which rallied 44.5 percent between late March and Monday, a scorching rate that many skeptics said was unsustainable and didn’t reflect the dire condition of the economy. Only a day ago the Nasdaq closed above the 10,000-point mark for the first time.
Emergency rescue efforts by the Fed and Congress helped arrest the market’s staggering 34 percent skid in February and March. Since then, the market had been riding a wave of investor optimism that the economy will bounce back by the end of the year, if not sooner, as businesses reopen and people go back to work. But confidence in that scenario is waning as infections and fatalities continue to climb in the U.S. and elsewhere.
In the U.S., Texas and Florida were among the states reporting jumps in the number of coronavirus cases after precautions were relaxed last month. The total number of U.S. cases has now surpassed 2 million.
Anxious investors shifted more money into government bonds Thursday, sending yields broadly lower. The yield on the 10-year Treasury yield slid to 0.67 percent from 0.74 percent late Wednesday, a big move. Last Friday it briefly moved above 0.90 percent.
Gold for August delivery climbed 1.5 percent to $1,745.80 an ounce.
Oil prices fell sharply. Benchmark U.S. crude oil for July delivery was down 8.9 percent at $36.09 a barrel. Brent crude oil for August delivery was off 7.1 percent at $38.76 a barrel.
Markets in Europe were broadly lower. France’s CAC 40 slid 4.7 percent and Germany’s DAX dropped 4.5 percent. Britain’s FTSE 100 fell 4 percent. Stock markets in Asia closed lower.
The Labor Department said Thursday that about 1.5 million people applied for U.S. unemployment benefits last week, another sign that many Americans are still losing their jobs even as the economy begins to gradually reopen. The latest figure marked the 10th straight weekly decline in applications for jobless aid since they peaked in mid-March when the coronavirus hit hard. Still, the pace of layoffs remains historically high.
Other jobs data have been more encouraging. A report on Friday showed that the U.S. job market surprisingly strengthened last month as employers added 2.5 million workers to their payrolls. Economists had been expecting them instead to slash another 8 million jobs.
That report helped stoke optimism among investors that the economy can climb out of its current hole faster than forecast. But the Fed estimated Wednesday that the economy will shrink 6.5 percent this year, in line with other forecasts, before expanding 5 percent in 2021. It also expects the unemployment rate at 9.3 percent, near the peak of the last recession, by the end of this year. The rate is now 13.3 percent.
The central bank said it would keep providing support to the economy by buying bonds to maintain low borrowing rates and forecast no rate hike through 2022, which could make it easier for consumers and businesses to borrow and spend enough to sustain an economy depressed by business shutdowns and high unemployment.